Chemical simulation of greywater

Abeda, SH and Scholz, M ORCID: 2016, 'Chemical simulation of greywater' , Environmental Technology, 37 (13) , pp. 1631-1646.

PDF - Accepted Version
Download (2MB) | Preview


Sustainable water resources management attracts considerable attention in today’s world. Recycling and reuse of both wastewater and greywater are becoming more attractive. The strategy is to protect ecosystem services by balancing the withdrawal of water and the disposal of wastewater. In the present study, a timely and novel synthetic greywater composition has been proposed with respect of the composition of heavy metals, nutrients and organic matter. The change in water quality of the synthetic greywater due to increasing storage time was monitored to evaluate the stability of the proposed chemical formula. The new greywater is prepared artificially using analytical grade chemicals to simulate either low (LC) or high (HC) pollutant concentrations. The characteristics of the synthetic greywater were tested (just before starting the experiment, after two days and a week of storage under real weather conditions) and compared to those reported for real greywater. Test results for both synthetic greywater types showed great similarities with the physiochemical properties of published findings concerning real greywater. Furthermore, the synthetic greywater is relatively stable in terms of its characteristics for different storage periods. However, there was a significant (p<0.05) reduction in 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) for both low (LC) and high (HC) concentrations of greywater after two days of storage with reductions of 62% and 55%, respectively. A significant (p<0.05) change was also noted for the reduction (70%) of nitrate‒nitrogen (NO3‒N) concerning HC greywater after seven days of storage.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Technology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0959-3330
Funders: Suhail Abed
Depositing User: M Scholz
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2016 08:44
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 17:09

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year