A method of determining where to target surveillance efforts in heterogeneous epidemiological systems

Mastin, A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9536-3378, van den Bosch, F, Gottwald, TR, Alonso Chavez, V and Parnell, SR ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2625-4557 2017, 'A method of determining where to target surveillance efforts in heterogeneous epidemiological systems' , PLOS Computational Biology, 13 (8) , e1005712.

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The spread of pathogens into new environments poses a considerable threat to human, animal, and plant health, and by extension, human and animal wellbeing, ecosystem function, and agricultural productivity, worldwide. Early detection through effective surveillance is a key strategy to reduce the risk of their establishment. Whilst it is well established that statistical and economic considerations are of vital importance when planning surveillance efforts, it is also important to consider epidemiological characteristics of the pathogen in question—including heterogeneities within the epidemiological system itself. One of the most pronounced realisations of this heterogeneity is seen in the case of vector-borne pathogens, which spread between ‘hosts’ and ‘vectors’—with each group possessing distinct epidemiological characteristics. As a result, an important question when planning surveillance for emerging vector-borne pathogens is where to place sampling resources in order to detect the pathogen as early as possible. We answer this question by developing a statistical function which describes the probability distributions of the prevalences of infection at first detection in both hosts and vectors. We also show how this method can be adapted in order to maximise the probability of early detection of an emerging pathogen within imposed sample size and/or cost constraints, and demonstrate its application using two simple models of vector-borne citrus pathogens. Under the assumption of a linear cost function, we find that sampling costs are generally minimised when either hosts or vectors, but not both, are sampled.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: PLOS Computational Biology
Publisher: PLOS
ISSN: 1553-7358
Related URLs:
Funders: US Department of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Biosciences Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
Depositing User: SR Parnell
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 14:25
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 22:24
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/43697

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