Neurotomy of the rectus femoris nerve : short-term effectiveness for spastic stiff knee gait

Gross, R, Robertson, J, Leboeuf, FY ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6483-9150, Hamel, O, Brochard, S and Perrouin-Verbe, B 2016, 'Neurotomy of the rectus femoris nerve : short-term effectiveness for spastic stiff knee gait' , Gait & Posture, 52 , pp. 251-257.

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Abstract

Background
Stiff knee gait is a troublesome gait disturbance related to spastic paresis, frequently associated with overactivity of the rectus femoris muscle in the swing phase of gait.
Objective
The aim of this study was to assess the short-term effects of rectus femoris neurotomy for the treatment of spastic stiff-knee gait in patients with hemiparesis.
Patients and methods
An Intervention study (before-after trial) with an observational design was carried out in a university hospital. Seven ambulatory patients with hemiparesis of spinal or cerebral origin and spastic stiff-knee gait, which had previously been improved by botulinum toxin injections, were proposed a selective neurotomy of the rectus femoris muscle. A functional evaluation (Functional Ambulation Classification and maximal walking distance), clinical evaluation (spasticity – Ashworth scale and Duncan-Ely test, muscle strength – Medical Research Council scale), and quantitative gait analysis (spatiotemporal parameters, stiff knee gait-related kinematic and kinetic parameters, and dynamic electromyography of rectus femoris) were performed as outcome measures, before and 3 months after rectus femoris neurotomy.
Results
Compared with preoperative values, there was a significant increase in maximal walking distance, gait speed, and stride length at 3 months. All kinematic parameters improved, and the average early swing phase knee extension moment decreased. The duration of the rectus femoris burst decreased post-op.
Conclusion
This study is the first to show that rectus femoris neurotomy helps to normalise muscle activity during gait, and results in improvements in kinetic, kinematic, and functional parameters in patients with spastic stiff knee gait.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Gait & Posture
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0966-6362
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Fabien LEBOEUF
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:46
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 18:21
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/46489

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