German-speaking refugee women architects before the Second World War

Poppelreuter, T ORCID: 2018, 'German-speaking refugee women architects before the Second World War' , in: Women's Creativity since the Modern Movement (1918-2018) : Toward a New Perception and Reception , ZRC Publishing House, pp. 697-705.

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In Germany and Austria women began to enter the architectural profession in the late 19th century and by the late 1930s some women architects had found working opportunities. After Hitler seized power in Germany in 1933, discrimination and anti-Semitism led to an unprecedented refugee crisis that forced many into exile. Among those that fled to the USA were Marie Frommer (1890-1976), Liane Zimbler (1892-1987), Elsa Gidoni (1901-1978), Karola Bloch (1905-1994) Hilde Reiss (1909-2002) and Elisabeth Scheu Close (1912-2011). Recent research has investigated the complex relationships and networks within which German-speaking exiles operated and that fostered transcultural exchanges in times of crisis. Other studies identified women architects who graduated during the Weimar Republic and discussed and contextualised the cultural and political situation that supported and/or hindered women architects at that time. On the basis of such research this paper merges and contextualises the biographies of these six refugee women architects in an effort to outline the complex networks within which they operated before and after becoming exiles.

Item Type: Book Section
Editors: Seražin, H, Garda, EM and Franchini, C
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Urban Processes, Resilient Infrastructures & Sustainable Environments
Journal or Publication Title: Women's Creativity since the Modern Movement (1918-2018) : Toward a New Perception and Reception
Publisher: ZRC Publishing House
ISBN: 9789610501060
Depositing User: Dr Tanja Poppelreuter
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 12:52
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 23:32

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