Structure-borne sound transmission within electric power steering systems

Zabel, DF 2018, Structure-borne sound transmission within electric power steering systems , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Transfer path analysis (TPA) is an established and valuable tool in the automotive industry, to determine the contributions of structure-borne sound sources to receiver responses at target positions. The classical TPA approach is based on contact forces at the interface between source and receiver to characterise the dynamic loads induced by the source and frequency response functions (FRFs) to quantify the transfer paths of the sound from the interface locations to the target positions. With knowledge of the determined contributions it is then possible to decide whether source loads or FRFs must be improved to optimise the target quantities.

Recently a timesaving improvement to classical TPA has been proposed, where the loads are characterised using the in-situ blocked force method, so that dismantling of source and receiver is not necessary. This method is therefore called in-situ TPA. However, if the contributions of internal structure-borne sound sources to the overall vibro-acoustic behaviour of a product are desired it is of benefit if the target quantities are blocked forces. Thus it would be possible to virtually couple the product with the properties of an overall receiver. Therefore this thesis presents a TPA approach called “blocked force transmissibility transfer path analysis” (bfTPA). In this context, the proposed internal-source-path-receiver-model (ISPRM) poses the theoretical basis of bfTPA. The aim of the presented novel TPA is to determine the contribution of internal structure-borne sound sources to an overall target quantity of a product. The presented approach uses the vector of in-situ blocked forces measured externally at the contact interface of the overall product and a corresponding set of “blocked force transmissibility” (BFT) functions relating the external coupling degrees of freedom (DOFs) to the internal source DOFs in order to propagate the external in-situ blocked forces back to multiple internal in-situ blocked forces. To prove the methodology of the presented approach three case studies, which increase in complexity, were carried out experimentally. The case studies concern a beam and an electric power steering system with paraxial servo unit (EPSapa), respectively.

EPSapa systems consist of multiple embedded vibrational components which are defined as “internal sources”. The electric motor, the ball nut assembly and the toothed belt are identified as the main internal sources of an EPSapa system. Hence they are characterised by means of experimentally determined blocked forces. For the determination, micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) accelerometers are embedded at the so called “internal interfaces”. This poses a novel application of the in-situ method in combination with the dealing of continuous and revolving internal interfaces.

Concluding a further application of the bfTPA methodology is presented. It allows the external in-situ blocked forces of EPS systems or other products to be predicted based on internal insitu blocked forces and the BFT functions within internal receivers such as housings, for instance. Hence, the proposed approach is called “virtual component assembly”. It offers the advantage to synthesize a virtual EPS system based on the in-situ blocked forces of its components which are determined on test benches.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Moorhouse, AT (Supervisor) and Sturm, M (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Funders: Robert Bosch Automotive Steering GmbH
Depositing User: Dennis Florian Zabel
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2018 14:40
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2022 13:22

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