Captive-born collared peccary (Pecari tajacu, Tayassuidae) fails to discriminate between predator and non-predator models

Magno de Faria, C, de Souza Sá, F, Costa, DDL, da Silva, MM, da Silva, BC, Young, RJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8407-2348 and Schetini, CA 2018, 'Captive-born collared peccary (Pecari tajacu, Tayassuidae) fails to discriminate between predator and non-predator models' , acta ethologica, 21 (3) , pp. 175-184.

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Abstract

Captive animals may lose the ability to recognize their natural predators, making conservation programs more susceptible to failure if such animals are released into the wild. Collared peccaries are American tayassuids that are vulnerable to local extinction in certain areas, and conservation programs are being conducted. Captive-born peccaries are intended for release into the wild in Minas Gerais state, southeastern Brazil. In this study, we tested the ability of two groups of captive-born collared peccaries to recognize their predators and if they were habituated to humans. Recognition tests were performed using models of predators (canids and felids) and non-predators animals, as well as control objects, such as a plastic chair; a human was also presented to the peccaries, and tested as a separate stimulus. Anti-predator defensive responses such as fleeing and threatening displayswere not observed in response to predator models. Predator detection behaviors both from visual and olfactory cues were displayed, although they were not specifically targeted at predator models. These results indicate that collared peccaries were unable to recognize model predators. Habituation effects, particularly on anti-predator behaviors, were observed both with a 1-h model presentation and across testing days. Behavioral responses to humans did not differ from those to other models. Thus, if these animals were to be released into the wild, they should undergo anti-predator training sessions to enhance their chances of survival.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: acta ethologica
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0873-9749
Related URLs:
Funders: CAPES, Vallourec, Science without Borders
Depositing User: Professor Robert Young
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2018 09:42
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 08:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/48248

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