Consequences of sex change for effective population size

Waples, RS, Mariani, S ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5329-0553 and Benvenuto, C ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8378-8168 2018, 'Consequences of sex change for effective population size' , Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285 (1893) .

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Abstract

Sequential hermaphroditism, where males change to females (protandry) or the reverse (protogyny), is widespread in animals and plants and can be an Evolutionarily Stable Strategy (ESS) if fecundity rises faster with age in the second sex. Sequential hermaphrodites also generally have sex ratios skewed toward the initial sex, and standard theory based on fixed sexes indicates that this should reduce effective population size (Ne) and increase deleterious effects of genetic drift. We show that despite having skewed sex ratios, populations that change sex at the ESS age do not have reduced Ne compared to fixed-sex populations with an even sex ratio. This implies that the ability of individuals to operate as both male and female allows the population to avoid some evolutionary constraints imposed by fixed sexes. Furthermore, Ne would be maximized if sex change occurred at a different (generally earlier) age than is selected for at the individual level, which suggests a potential conflict between individual and group selection. We also develop a novel method to quantify the strength of selection for sex reversal.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Publisher: The Royal Society
ISSN: 0962-8452
Related URLs:
Funders: Science Foundation Ireland, Irish Research Council
Depositing User: C Benvenuto
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 11:22
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2020 07:36
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/48954

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