An investigation of self-care practice and social support of patients with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia

Alsomali, SIM 2019, An investigation of self-care practice and social support of patients with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is increasing globally, and the number of people with T2DM has increased particularly dramatically in Saudi Arabia in recent years. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has indicated that Saudi Arabia has a higher prevalence of diabetes than most other countries, with a prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes of 20.5% of the population in 2014. Adherence to self-care activities is the cornerstone of T2DM management, along with adopting a healthy lifestyle. This study thus aims to investigate the extent to which healthcare professionals and social support act as determinants of self-care among adults diagnosed with T2DM in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This study uses a concurrent triangulation design that combines quantitative and qualitative methods in a convenience sample of adults (N=388) diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were recruited from two separate hospitals. Each participant completed a set of questionnaires and a Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA). Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with 10 male and 10 female participants (n=20) and 12 healthcare professionals.

Results: Five themes emerged from the qualitative data analysis. The quantitative findings were then integrated to provide further explanations and context for these themes. The study indicated that poor adherence to diabetes self-care activities may lead to heightened incidence of uncontrolled T2DM among patients in Saudi Arabia. Culture and Religion, Gender, Stigma, Social Support, and Healthcare Environment all influenced adult diabetes adherence to self-care activities in Saudi Arabia.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that the successful management of T2DM is dependent on support from family, spouses, friends, and healthcare professionals. The findings of this study therefore have implications for the creation and implementation of healthcare policy and practice in Saudi Arabia. These findings contribute to expanding existing knowledge by enabling healthcare providers to tailor diabetes self-care management educational programmes to best fit the psycho-social and cultural needs of adults in Saudi Arabia. It is particularly necessary for healthcare professionals in Saudi Arabia to recognise the roles played by gender, culture, religion and stigma, and to integrate these into any educational programmes.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Wilding, MA (Supervisor) and Probyn, JE (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Depositing User: Sabah Ismile M Alsomali
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 12:43
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 01:38
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/49498

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