A systematic review of the discriminating biomechanical parameters during the single leg squat

Warner, MB, Wilson, DA, Herrington, LC ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4732-1955, Dixon, S, Power, C, Jones, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5242-185X, Heller, MO, Carden, P and Lewis, CL 2019, 'A systematic review of the discriminating biomechanical parameters during the single leg squat' , Physical Therapy in Sport, 36 (Mar 19) , pp. 78-91.

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether there are common biomechanical parameters when analysing the single leg squat movement to compare pathological and non-pathological groups and whether these parameters are able to effectively distinguish between groups.

Methods: Five electronic databases were searched using MESH terms, keywords and phrases across four constructs: squat, biomechanical measures, region of interest, study design. Studies were selected based on inclusion of a quantitative biomechanical measure, compared between a pathological and a non-pathological group, and participants performed a single leg squat movement.

Results: Fifteen studies were included and reviewed, where the majority of studies investigated patellofemoral pain. There was considerable variation in the biomechanical outcome measure used to compare between groups. The frontal plane projection angle was the most commonly reported measure. There was considerable variation in the manner in which the single leg squat was performed.

Conclusion: Due to variation in how the single leg squat was performed, it was not possible to determine specific biomechanical parameters that distinguish between pathological and non-pathological groups. Frontal plane projection angle appeared to be a parameter that could be effectively utilised. Standardisation of the single leg squat movement is needed to allow comparison between studies of pathological and non-pathological groups.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Therapy in Sport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1466-853X
Related URLs:
Funders: Arthritis Research
Depositing User: Prof Richard Jones
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2019 14:19
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 17:47
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/49929

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