Utilising the grid for augmented reality

Hughes, CJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4468-6660 2008, Utilising the grid for augmented reality , PhD thesis, University of Wales, Bangor.

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Abstract

Traditionally registration and tracking within Augmented Reality (AR) applications have been built around specific markers which have been added into the user’s viewpoint and allow for their position to be tracked and their orientation to be estimated in real-time. All attempts to implement AR without specific markers have increased the computational requirements and some information about the environment is still needed in order to match the registration between the real world and the virtual artifacts. This thesis describes a novel method that not only provides a generic platform for AR but also seamlessly deploys High Performance Computing (HPC) resources to deal with the additional computational load, as part of the distributed High Performance Visualization (HPV) pipeline used to render the virtual artifacts. The developed AR framework is then applied to a real world application of a marker-less AR interface for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), named BART (Bangor Augmented Reality for TMS).

Three prototypes of BART are presented, along with a discussion of the subsequent limitations and solutions of each. First by using a proprietary tracking system it is possible to achieve accurate tracking, but with the limitations of having to use bold markers and being unable to render the virtual artifacts in real time. Second, BART v2 implements a novel tracking system using computer vision techniques. Repeatable feature points are extracted from the users view point to build a description of the object or plane that the virtual artifact is aligned with. Then as each frame is updated we use the changing position of the feature points to estimate how the object has moved. Third, the e-Viz framework is used to autonomously deploy HPV resources to ensure that the virtual objects are rendered in real-time. e-Viz also enables the allocation of remote High Performance Computing (HPC) resources to handle the computational requirements of the object tracking and pose estimation.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: John, N (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Chris Hughes
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 13:45
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2019 11:43
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/50058

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