Consideration of urban green space in impact assessments for health

Fischer, TB, Urmila, J, Fawcett, P, Clement, S, Hayes, SJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6409-2261 and Nowacki, J 2017, 'Consideration of urban green space in impact assessments for health' , Journal of the International Association for Impact Assessment, 36 (1) , pp. 32-44.

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Abstract

This paper explores how health aspects connected with the planning of urban green space are currently supported through two types of impact assessments: health impact assessment (HIA) and environmental assessment, including strategic environmental assessment (SEA) of policies, plans and programmes and environmental impact assessment (EIA) of projects. Seven HIAs and five EIAs/SEAs from the UK, the US, the Netherlands, Austria and Germany are reviewed, using an analytical framework designed on the basis of a literature review. An important finding is that whilst all HIAs follow a problem-/objectives-driven approach, designing guidelines for potential future projects, all EIAs/SEAs use an impact-driven approach, focusing on the impacts of planned and concrete action. HIAs therefore approach policy, plan, programme and project-making exercises from the outside, making suggestions to those working on them to consider certain aspects in the future, rather than working with them on improving things within a decision making process, as is usually is usually the case with EIAs/SEAs.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Urban Processes, Resilient Infrastructures & Sustainable Environments
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the International Association for Impact Assessment
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1461-5517
Related URLs:
Depositing User: SJ Hayes
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 10:06
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2019 10:15
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/50501

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