Reaction of gold substrates with diazonium salts in acidic solution at open-circuit potential

Lehr, J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5698-7244, Williamson, BE, Flavel, BS and Downard, AJ 2009, 'Reaction of gold substrates with diazonium salts in acidic solution at open-circuit potential' , Langmuir, 25 (23) , pp. 13503-13509.

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Abstract

The reaction of gold substrates with p-nitrobenzene diazonium tetrafluoroborate (NBD) in 0.1 M H2SO4 at open-circuit potential (OCP) is demonstrated to proceed by electron transfer from gold to the NBD cation. Electrochemical, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses reveal the formation of multilayer films with the same composition as electrografted films. The film growth characteristics (surface concentration and film thickness vs time) also follow those observed during electrografting, consistent with electron transfer from the substrate to the diazonium cation. The OCP of the gold substrate increases during the period of film growth (∼60 min) and then decreases to close to its initial value. The increase corresponds to accumulation of positive charge as electrons are transferred to NBD; the discharge process is tentatively attributed to slow oxidation of adventitious impurities in the reaction solution. Films formed at OCP or by electrografting from aqueous acid solution are markedly less stable to sonication in acetonitrile than are those electrografted from acetonitrile. Increased amounts of physisorbed material in films prepared in aqueous media or bonding of aryl groups to different gold sites in the two media are tentatively proposed to account for the different stabilities.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Langmuir
Publisher: ACS Publications
ISSN: 0743-7463
Related URLs:
Depositing User: J Lehr
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2021 11:22
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:21
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/50526

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