Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the small hive beetle Aethina tumida (Insecta: Coleoptera) from Hawaii

Takahashi, J, Okuyama, H and Martin, SJ ORCID: 2019, 'Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the small hive beetle Aethina tumida (Insecta: Coleoptera) from Hawaii' , Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 4 (1) , pp. 1522-1523.

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We analyzed the complete mitochondrial genome of the small hive beetle Aethina tumida, a major honeybee pest that was accidentally transported to the Hawaii Islands, USA. The mitochondrial genome of A. tumida was identified as a 15,198 bp circular molecule containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, and two rRNA genes, along with one A + T-rich control region. The average AT content was found to be 76.2%. The heavy strand was predicted to have nine protein-coding and 14 tRNA genes; while the light strand was predicted to contain four protein-coding, eight tRNA, and two rRNA genes. Among the 13 PCGs, the initiation codon ATT was found in five, ATA in three, ATG in four, and TTG in one gene. Six PCGs used TAA as the stop codon, whereas three PCGs used TAG as the stop codon. Incomplete stop codon TA (COIII, ND5, and ND4) and T (COII) were identified. We found that the genetic distance between A. tumida from Hawaii and the beetles’ natural home South Africa, was small, indicating that the Hawaii population may have originated for the South Africa region.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Mitochondrial DNA Part B
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 2380-2359
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SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 07:40
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 02:06

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