Computational unsteady flow analysis for third-grade fluid from an isothermal vertical cylinder through a Darcian porous medium

Hiremath, A, Reddy, GJ and Beg, OA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5925-6711 2019, 'Computational unsteady flow analysis for third-grade fluid from an isothermal vertical cylinder through a Darcian porous medium' , Heat Transfer - Asian Research, 48 (7) , pp. 2752-2772.

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Abstract

The present paper describes a mathematical model for free-convective laminar incompressible boundary layer flow of a third-grade fluid of the Reiner-Rivlin differential type, external to a uniformly heated semi-infinite vertical cylinder embedded in a two-dimensional porous medium. Assuming a homogenous-isotropic porous medium, simulation of bulk drag effects at low Reynolds number is conducted with the Darcy model. The resulting partial differential equation boundary value problem is normalized using suitable transformation variables. The highly non-linear time-dependent coupled conservation equations along with boundary conditions are solved computationally with an optimized Crank-Nicolson finite difference code. Validation with previous studies is included. The heat transport and skin friction coefficients are computed for different values of emerging non-dimensional parameters. Furthermore, steady-state and transient fluid-flow variables are shown graphically. An enhanced fluid velocity is observed for increased Darcy number and the reverse trend is computed for higher values of third-grade viscoelastic parameter. Also, the rate of heat transfer is observed to increase with greater Darcy number and a reduction in third-grade viscoelastic parameter. A key observation which is drawn from the present study is that for third-grade fluid the flow variables deviate significantly from a hot cylindrical wall as compared to a Newtonian fluid. The study is relevant to thermal polymer coating applications in aerospace materials processing.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Heat Transfer - Asian Research
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1099-2871
Related URLs:
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 07:51
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2020 02:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/51440

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