Impact of acquisition parameters on dose and image quality optimisation in paediatric pelvis radiography - a phantom study

Mohammed Ali, AHMA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0460-0778, Hogg, P ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6506-0827 and England, A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6333-7776 2019, 'Impact of acquisition parameters on dose and image quality optimisation in paediatric pelvis radiography - a phantom study' , European Journal of Radiology .

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Abstract

Purpose: Within paediatric pelvis imaging there is a lack of systematic dose optimisation studies which consider age and size variations. This paper presents data from dose optimisation studies using digital radiography and pelvis phantoms representing 1 and 5-year-old children.

Material and Method: Dose optimisation included assessments of image quality and radiation dose. Systematic variations using a factorial design for acquisition factors (kVp, mAs, source-detector distance [SDD] and filtration) were undertaken to acquire AP pelvis X-ray images. Perceptual image quality was assessed using a relative and absolute visual grading assessment (VGA) method. Radiation doses were measured by placing a dosimeter at the radiographic centring point on the surface of each phantom. Statistical analyses for determining the optimised parameters included main effects analysis.

Results: Optimised techniques, with diagnostically acceptable image quality, for each paediatric age were: 1-year-old; 65 kVp, 2 mAs and 115 cm SDD, while, 5-year-old; 62 kVp, 8 mAs and 130 cm SDD both included 1 mm Al + 0.1 mm Cu additional filtration. The main effect analysis identified situations in which image quality and radiation dose increased or decreased, except for kVp which showed peak image quality when exposure factors were increased. A set of minimum mAs values for producing diagnostic image quality were identified. Increasing SDD, unlike the other exposure factors, showed no trends for producing non-diagnostic images.

Conclusion: The factorial design provided an opportunity to identify suitable acquisition factors. This study provided a method for investigating the combined effect of multiple acquisition parameters on image quality and radiation dose for children.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Radiology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0720-048X
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Andrew England
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 11:46
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 08:45
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/51807

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