Phosphorus recovery from municipal wastewater treatment : critical review of challenges and opportunities for developing countries.

Chrispim, MC, Scholz, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8919-3838 and Nolasco, MA 2019, 'Phosphorus recovery from municipal wastewater treatment : critical review of challenges and opportunities for developing countries.' , Journal of environmental management, 248 , p. 109268.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide guidance in selecting phosphorus recovery options within the municipal wastewater treatment sector regarding developing countries. This critical review includes a brief contextualization of the resource-oriented sanitation paradigm, the discussion of processes for phosphorus recovery based on methods at full-scale, pilot-scale and laboratory-scale, and a concise discussion of the environmental impacts and benefits associated with phosphorus recovery strategies. Finally, the main challenges related to the implementation of resource recovery strategies, especially for phosphorous, were identified and discussed. According to the results, some of the main drivers for phosphorus recovery are the limited availability of phosphorus, increasing cost of phosphate fertilizers and reduction of maintenance costs. Currently, most of the operational processes are based on crystallization or precipitation from the digester supernatant. Struvite is the most common recovered product. The recovery rate of phosphorus from the liquid phase is lower (10-60% from wastewater treatment plant influent), than from sludge (35-70%) and from sludge ashes (70-98%). Phosphorus recovery remains challenging, and some barriers identified were the integration between stakeholders and institutions, public policies and regulations as well as public acceptance and economic feasibility. In developing countries, the implementation of nutrient recovery systems is challenging, because the main concern is on the expansion of sanitation coverage. Resource recovery approaches can provide benefits beyond the wastewater treatment sector, not only improving the sustainability of wastewater treatment operations, but generating revenue for the utility provider. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1095-8630 **Article IDs: pubmed: 31325790; pii: S0301-4797(19)30970-3 **History: accepted 11-07-2019; revised 11-07-2019; submitted 22-02-2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Barriers to application, Fertilizer, Nutrient, Recycling, Resource recovery, Sustainable technology
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of environmental management
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1095-8630
Related URLs:
Funders: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education), Programa Institucional de Doutorado-sanduíche no Exterior (Institutional Program of Overseas Sandwich Doctorate)
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2019 14:59
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 14:59
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/51938

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