Corporate governance mechanisms and firm performance : evidence from the emerging market following the revised CG code

Wang, Y, Abbasi, K, Babajide, B and Yekini, K 2019, 'Corporate governance mechanisms and firm performance : evidence from the emerging market following the revised CG code' , Corporate Governance, 20 (1) , pp. 158-174.

PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0.

Download (384kB) | Preview
[img] Microsoft Word - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (93kB) | Request a copy


Purpose - This study examines the extent to which board characteristics and ownership structure affect firm performance with specific focus on providing new empirical insights following the revised Corporate Governance (CG) code 2012.

Design/methodology/approach - This study uses a sample of non-financial firms listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX)-100 index for the years 2011 to 2014. Firm performance is measured by accounting-based performance indicators (ROA and ROE) and market-based performance indicators (Tobin’s Q and MTB). This study employs multivariate regression techniques including Fixed Effects Model (FE) and Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS).

Findings - The findings show that board diversity increases over the two time periods (Pre-2012 and Post-2012), whereas there are cases that companies have not fully complied with the revised CG code 2012 in terms of board independence. In addition, the multiple regression results show that firm performance is negatively and significantly associated with institutional ownership. Nevertheless, the results show that board size, board independent, board diversity and board meetings do not have significant impact on firm performance. The findings are fairly consistent and robust across two time periods (Pre-2012 and Post 2012) and a number of econometric models that sufficiently address the potential endogeneity problems.

Originality/value - To the best of our knowledge, this is the first empirical study which investigates the impact of the compliance and implementation of 2012 corporate governance code on firm performance in Pakistan. This study is different from the most prior studies in that we utilize independent non-executive directors rather than conventional non-executive directors to measure board independence.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > Salford Business School
Journal or Publication Title: Corporate Governance
Publisher: Emerald
ISSN: 1472-0701
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Kaleemullah Abbasi
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 15:35
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 02:48

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year