Exergy analysis of a diesel engine with waste cooking biodiesel and triacetin

Odibi, C, Babaie, M, Zare, Ali, Nabi, MN, Bodisco, TA and Brown, RJ 2019, 'Exergy analysis of a diesel engine with waste cooking biodiesel and triacetin' , Energy Conversion and Management, 198 .

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Abstract

This study uses the first and second laws of thermodynamics to investigate the effect of 18 oxygenated fuels on the quality and quantity of energy in a turbo-charged, common-rail six19 cylinder diesel engine. This work was performed using a range of fuel oxygen content based 20 on diesel, waste cooking biodiesel, and a triacetin. The experimental engine performance and 21 emission data was collected at 12 engine operating modes. Energy and exergy parameters were 22 calculated, and results showed that the use of oxygenated fuels can improve the thermal 23 efficiency leading to lower exhaust energy loss. Waste cooking biodiesel (B100) exhibited the 24 lowest exhaust loss fraction and highest thermal efficiency (up to 6% higher than diesel). 25 Considering the exergy analysis, lower exhaust temperatures obtained with oxygenated fuels 26 resulted in lower exhaust exergy loss (down to 80%) and higher exergetic efficiency (up to 27 10%). Since the investigated fuels were oxygenated, this study used the oxygen ratio (OR) 28 instead of the equivalence ratio to provide a better understanding of the concept. The OR has 29 increased with decreasing engine load and increasing engine speed. Increasing the OR 30 decreased the fuel exergy, exhaust exergy and destruction efficiency. With the use of B100, 31 there was a very high exergy destruction (up to 55%), which was seen to decrease with the 32 addition of triacetin (down to 29%).

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Energy Conversion and Management
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0196-8904
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Meisam Babaie
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2019 07:40
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 11:01
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/52612

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