Arsenic in Peruvian rice cultivated in the major rice growing region of Tumbes river basin

Mondal, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5144-626X, Periche, R, Tineo, B, Bermejo, LA, Rahman, MM, Siddique, AB, Rahman, MA, Solis, JL and Cruz, GJF 2019, 'Arsenic in Peruvian rice cultivated in the major rice growing region of Tumbes river basin' , Chemosphere, 241 .

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Abstract

Arsenic (As) exposure from surface and groundwater in Peru is being recognised as a 16 potential threat but there are limited studies on As in the food-chain and none on As in 17 Peruvian rice. In this study, we have determined the As content in rice cultivated in the 18 Tumbes river basin located in the northern province of Peru, an area known for extensive rice 19 cultivation. We collected rice and soil samples from agricultural fields, soil was collected 20 using grid sampling technique while rice was collected from the heaps of harvested crop 21 placed across the fields. The average total As concentration in rice was 167.94 ± 71 μg kg-1 22 (n=29; range 68.39-345.31 μg kg-1). While the rice As levels were not highly elevated, the As 23 content of few samples (n=7) greater than 200 μg kg-1 could contribute negatively to human health upon chronic exposure. Average concentration of As in soil was 8.63 ± 7.8 mg kg-1 25 (n=30) and soil to grain transfer factor was 0.025 ± 0.018 for 12 matched samples. Compared 26 to our previous pilot study in 2006 (samples collected from the same agricultural fields but 27 not from exact locations) there was a 41% decrease in As soil concentration in this study. 28 Rice samples collected in 2006 (n=5) had a mean concentration of 420 ± 109 μg kg-1. Our 29 data provides a baseline of rice grain As concentrations in Peruvian province of Tumbes and 30 warrants further studies on factors affecting uptake of As by the rice varieties cultivated in 31 Peru and any potential human health risks.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Chemosphere
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0045-6535
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Debapriya Mondal
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2019 07:41
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 16:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/52628

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