Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the parasitic honey bee mite Varroa destructor (Mesostigmata : Varroidae)

Harada, R, Yoshioka, M, Okuyama, H, Kato, M, Martin, SJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9418-053X and Takahashi, J 2020, 'Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the parasitic honey bee mite Varroa destructor (Mesostigmata : Varroidae)' , Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 5 (1) , pp. 635-636.

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Abstract

Varroa destructor is a parasite mite of the eastern honey bee Apis cerana, which is native to Asia. The European honey bee Apis mellifera was imported to Asia from Europe and the USA for apiculture in the 19th century. In a short period of time, V. destructor parasitized the artificially introduced honey bees. Varroa destructor was estimated to have spread around the world with A. mellifera when it was exported from Asia to locations worldwide about 50 years ago. The mitochondrial DNA of the parasitic honey bee mite V. destructor was analyzed using next-generation sequencing. The complete mitochondrial genome of V. destructor was identified as a 16,476-bp circular molecule containing 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes, and one AT-rich control region. The heavy strand was predicted to have nine PCGs and 13 tRNA genes, whereas the light strand was predicted to contain four PCGs, nine tRNA genes, and two rRNA genes. All PCGs began with ATA as the start codon, except COIII and CytB, which had ATG as the start codon. Stop codons were of two types: TAA for eight genes and TAG for five genes. Molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that V. destructor from Japan was genetically distant from that of France. A high base substitution rate of 2.82% was also confirmed between the complete mitochondrial DNA sequences of V. destructor from Japan and the USA, suggesting that one Varroa mite strain found in the USA is not from Japan.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Mitochondrial DNA Part B
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 2380-2359
Related URLs:
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2020 11:28
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 14:11
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56262

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