Improving predicted mean vote with inversely determined metabolic rate

Zhang, S, Cheng, Y, Oladokun, MO ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5320-5219, Wu, Y and Lin, Z 2020, 'Improving predicted mean vote with inversely determined metabolic rate' , Sustainable Cities and Society, 53 , pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

Inaccurate thermal comfort prediction would lead to thermal discomfort and energy wastage of overcooling/overheating. Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) is widely used for thermal comfort management in air-conditioned buildings. The metabolic rate is the most important input of the PMV. However, existing measurements of the metabolic rate are practically inconvenient or technically inaccurate. This study proposes a method to improve the PMV for the thermal sensation prediction by inversely determining the metabolic rate. The metabolic rate is expressed as a function of the room air temperature and velocity considering the effects of the physiological adaptation, and inversely determined using an optimizer (variable metric algorithm) to reduce the deviation between the PMV and thermal sensation vote. Experiments in environmental chambers configured as a stratum ventilated classroom and an aircraft cabin and field experiments in a real air-conditioned building from the ASHRAE database validate the proposed method. Results show that the proposed method improves the accuracy and robustness of the PMV in the thermal sensation prediction by more than 52.5% and 41.5% respectively. Essentially, the proposed method develops a grey-box model using model calibration, which outperforms the black-box model using machine learning algorithms.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Journal or Publication Title: Sustainable Cities and Society
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2210-6707
Related URLs:
Funders: Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Commission, China, Natural Science Foundation of Chongqing, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
Depositing User: MO Oladokun
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 15:59
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 16:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56331

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