Archaeological evaluation report : Cuerden Strategic Site, South Ribble, Lancashire

Cook, OE and Radford, AS 2018, Archaeological evaluation report : Cuerden Strategic Site, South Ribble, Lancashire , Project Report, University of Salford.

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Abstract

Lancashire County Council and Maple Grove Development Limited have obtained planning consent for a major mixed-use development at Cuerden, in the Central Lancashire borough of South Ribble. The study area extends to 65 hectares and comprises land to the south of the M65, to the west of A49 Wigan Road, and east of Stanifield Lane, near Cuerden in Lancashire (centred on NGR SD 55526 24603). The hybrid planning application (Planning Ref: 07/2017/0211/ORM) comprises a wide range of residential and commercial premises, car parks and roads, the construction of which is likely to cause damage to any surviving archaeological remains. The potential for archaeological remains to survive across the development site was highlighted in an archaeological assessment that was prepared to support the planning application. This concluded that intrusive site investigation to establish the presence or absence of archaeological remains was merited. In the light of this conclusion, Lancashire County Council commissioned Salford Archaeology to devise an execute an appropriate programme of archaeological investigation which, in the first instance, comprised the excavation of 15 evaluation trenches that aimed to establish the presence, extent and nature or any below-ground remains, to enable informed recommendations to be made for the future of any surviving features. The trenches were targeted on a medieval/post-medieval farmstead, and a range of cropmarks indicative of earlier field-systems and occupation, perhaps of prehistoric origin. In addition, the two putative routes of a Roman road between the fort at Wigan and the industrial settlement at Walton-le-Dale are projected along the western and eastern edges of the site, and these courses were targeted by evaluation trenches. The results obtained from the evaluation have demonstrated the survival of a suite of structural remains relating to the medieval/post-medieval farmstead, together with several negative features of post-medieval date. The trenching of known or suspected cropmarks also produced positive results. The presence of ditches and gullies attest to ancient field systems, which diverge from the existing pattern of field boundaries. Such features appear on the basis of their typology and stratigraphy to pre-date the medieval/post-medieval enclosures and, significantly, may potentially represent prehistoric activity or settlement in the area. It is not considered that any of these remains are of national importance that would necessitate preservation in-situ, although the features encountered during the evaluation are considered to be of high local/borough or regional significance, particularly those features of potential prehistoric origin. In order to offset the harm of development on the archaeological resource of the site, it would be appropriate to implement a further stage of intrusive archaeological excavation in advance of development.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Contributors: Miller, IF (Editor)
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Publisher: University of Salford
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 10:33
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 10:45
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56471

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