Urban heritage conservation and rapid urbanization : insights from Surat, India

Udeaja, CE ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6405-9664, Trillo, C ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5961-0706, Gyau, KAB ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7927-7528, Makore, BCN, Patel, DA, Mansouri, LE and Jha, KN 2020, 'Urban heritage conservation and rapid urbanization : insights from Surat, India' , Sustainability, 12 (6) , p. 2172.

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Abstract

Currently, heritage is challenged in the Indian city of Surat due to diverse pressures,  including rapid urbanization, increasing housing demand, and socio‐cultural and climate changes.  Where rapid demographic growth of urban areas is happening, heritage is disappearing at an  alarming rate. Despite some efforts from the local government, urban cultural heritage is being  neglected and historic buildings keep being replaced by ordinary concrete buildings at a worryingly  rapid pace. Discussions of challenges and issues of Surat’s urban area is supported by a qualitative  dataset, including in‐depth semi‐structured interviews and focus groups with local policy makers,  planners, and heritage experts, triangulated by observation and a photo‐survey of two historic  areas. Findings from this study reveal a myriad of challenges such as: inadequacy of urban  conservation management policies and processes focused on heritage, absence of skills, training,  and resources amongst decision makers and persistent conflict and competition between heritage  conservation needs and developers’ interests. Furthermore, the values and significance of Surat’s  tangible and intangible heritage is not fully recognized by its citizens and heritage stakeholders. A  crucial opportunity exists for Surat to maximize the potential of heritage and reinforce urban  identity for its present and future generations. Surat’s context is representative of general trends  and conservation challenges and therefore recommendations developed in this study hold the  potential to offer interesting insights to the wider planners and conservationists’ international  community.  This  paper  recommends  thoughtful  integration  of  sustainable  heritage  urban  conservation into local urban development frameworks and the establishment of approaches that  recognize the plurality of heritage values.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Urban Processes, Resilient Infrastructures & Sustainable Environments
Journal or Publication Title: Sustainability
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2071-1050
Related URLs:
Funders: Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Depositing User: Dr Claudia Trillo
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 09:01
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2020 11:50
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56633

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