Is mare sexual behavior affected by age and can it predict ovulation?

Rocha, CE, de Carvalho, E da Cunha, de Castro, FCGS, de Sena Xavier, ILG, Young, RJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8407-2348, Palhares, MS, da Silva Filho, JM, Carvalho, RR, da Silva Vasconcellos, A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2326-0713 and Valle, GR ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3165-1431 2020, 'Is mare sexual behavior affected by age and can it predict ovulation?' , Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 224 , p. 104937.

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Abstract

Although discontinued with the introduction of ultrasonography, the study of mare sexual behavior may provide useful information for herds that lack technical assistance. In order to investigate how mare sexual behavior is associated with ovulation and age, sexual behaviors were recorded for 1,348 teasings of 82 mares during three breeding seasons. From nine days before D-9 until the day of ovulation D0, sexual behaviors were recorded and classified as either estrus-positive or estrus-negative. Estrus-positive behaviors were more frequent, and estrus-negative less frequent, in ovulatory than anovulatory estrus (all P < 0.05, except for Biting). Estrus-positive behaviors increased from D-9 to D-1 and decreased from D-1 to D0 (all P < 0.05), except for Permitting Mount, which increased from D-1 to D0 (P < 0.01). Almost all estrus-negative behaviors decreased from D-9 to D-1 and increased from D-1 to D0 (P < 0.05). A GLM analysis indicated that the older the mare, the earlier she started exhibiting estrus-positive behaviors (all P < 0.01), and ceased estrus-negative behaviors (P < 0.01), except for Vocalizing. The results revealed that: (i) mares with ovulatory estrus and mares with anovulatory estrus exhibit different sexual behaviors; (ii) sexual behavior is influenced by mare age; and (iii) most estrus-positive behaviors increase during estrus and decrease near ovulation, but with the behavior of Permitting Mount increasing around ovulation. These results contribute to understanding equine reproductive biology and may be useful for herds that are not technically assisted by veterinarians.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 10-03-2021 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article starting on 10-03-2021: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ **Journal IDs: issn 01681591 **History: issue date 31-03-2020; published_online 10-03-2020; accepted 20-01-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0168-1591
Related URLs:
Funders: National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, Brazil (CNPq), Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais State, Brazil
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2020 13:09
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 13:09
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56650

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