Hermaphroditism and gonochorism

Benvenuto, C ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8378-8168 and Weeks, SC 2020, 'Hermaphroditism and gonochorism' , in: The Natural History of the Crustacea: Reproductive Biology , The Natural History of the Crustacea (6) , Oxford University Press.

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Abstract

This chapter compares two sexual systems: hermaphroditism (both partners can act as either sex) and gonochorism (each individual organism acts as only one of two distinct sexes) in crustaceans. These two main sexual systems contain a variety of alternative modes of reproduction, which are of great interest from applied and theoretical perspectives. The chapter focuses on the description, prevalence, analysis, and interpretation of these sexual systems, centering on their evolutionary transitions. The ecological correlates of each reproductive system are also explored. In particular, the prevalence of “unusual” (non-gonochoristic) reproductive strategies has been identified under low population densities and in unpredictable/ unstable environments, often linked to specific habitats or lifestyles (such as parasitism) and in colonizing species. Finally, population-level consequences of some sexual systems are considered, especially in terms of sex ratios. The chapter aims to provide a broad and extensive overview of the evolution, adaptation, ecological constraints, and implications of the various reproductive modes in this extraordinarily successful group of organisms.

Item Type: Book Section
Editors: Cothran, R and Thiel, M
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Series Name: The Natural History of the Crustacea
ISBN: 9780190688554 (hardback)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: C Benvenuto
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2020 12:03
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2020 08:15
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56697

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