Emissions and performance with diesel and waste lubricating oil : a fundamental study into cold start operation with a special focus on particle number size distribution

Zare, A, Bodisco, T, Verma, P, Jafari, M, Babaie, M, Yang, L, Rahman, MM, Banks, A, Ristovski, Z, Brown, RJ and Stevanovic, S 2020, 'Emissions and performance with diesel and waste lubricating oil : a fundamental study into cold start operation with a special focus on particle number size distribution' , Energy Conversion and Management, 209 .

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Abstract

This study investigates the effect of engine temperature during cold start and hot start engine operation on particulate matter emissions and engine performance parameters. In addition to a fundamental study on cold start operation and the effect of lubricating oil during combustion, this research introduces important knowledge about regulated particulate number emissions and particulate size distribution during cold start, which is an emerging area in the literature. A further aspect of this work is to introduce waste lubricating oil as a fuel. By using diesel and two blends of diesel with 1 and 5% waste lubricating oil in a 6-cylinder turbocharged engine on a cold start custom test, this investigation studied particle number (PN), friction losses and combustion instability with diesel and waste lubricating oil fuel blends. In order to understand and explain the results the following were also studied: particle size distribution and median diameter, engine oil, coolant and exhaust gas temperatures, start of injection, friction mean effective pressure (FMEP), mechanical efficiency, coefficient of variation (CoV) of engine speed, CoV of indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) and maximum rate of pressure rise were also studied. The results showed that during cold start the increase in engine temperature was associated with an increase in PN and size of particles, and a decrease in FMEP and maximum rate of pressure rise. Compared to a warmed up engine, during cold start, PN, start of injection and mechanical efficiency were lower; while FMEP, CoV of IMEP and maximum rate of pressure rise were higher. Adding 5% waste lubricating oil to the fuel was associated with a decrease in PN (during cold start), decreased particle size, maximum rate of pressure rise and CoV of IMEP and was associated with an increase in PN and nucleation mode particles (during hot start) and FMEP

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Energy Conversion and Management
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0196-8904
Related URLs:
Funders: Australian Research Council Linkage Projects
Depositing User: Dr Meisam Babaie
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2020 09:25
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020 07:46
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56716

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