Impact of knee marker misplacement on gait kinematics of children with cerebral palsy using the Conventional Gait Model — a sensitivity study

Fonseca, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9272-3921, Gasparutto, X, Leboeuf, F ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6483-9150, Dumas, R and Armand, S 2020, 'Impact of knee marker misplacement on gait kinematics of children with cerebral palsy using the Conventional Gait Model — a sensitivity study' , PLoS ONE, 15 (4) , e0232064.

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Abstract

Clinical gait analysis is widely used in clinical routine to assess the function of patients with motor disorders. The proper assessment of the patient’s function relies greatly on the repeatability between the measurements. Marker misplacement has been reported as the largest source of variability between measurements and its impact on kinematics is not fully understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was: 1) to evaluate the impact of the misplacement of the lateral femoral epicondyle marker on lower limb kinematics, and 2) evaluate if such impact can be predicted. The kinematic data of 10 children with cerebral palsy and 10 aged-match typical developing children were included. The lateral femoral epicondyle marker was virtually misplaced around its measured position at different magnitudes and directions. The outcome to represent the impact of each marker misplacement on the lower limb was the root mean square deviations between the resultant kinematics from each simulated misplacement and the originally calculated kinematics. Correlation and regression equations were estimated between the root mean square deviation and the magnitude of the misplacement expressed in percentage of leg length. Results indicated that the lower-limb kinematics is highly sensitive to the lateral femoral epicondyle marker misplacement in the anterior-posterior direction. The joint angles most impacted by the anterior-posterior misplacement were the hip internal-external rotation (5.3° per 10 mm), the ankle internal-external rotation (4.4° per 10 mm) and the knee flexion-extension (4.2° per 10 mm). Finally, it was observed that the lower the leg length, the higher the impact of misplacement on kinematics. This impact was predicted by regression equations using the magnitude of misplacement expressed in percentage of leg length. An error below 5° on all joints requires a marker placement repeatability under 1.2% of the leg length. In conclusion, the placement of the lateral femoral epicondyle marker in the antero-posterior direction plays a crucial role on the reliability of gait measurements with the Conventional Gait Model.

Item Type: Article
Contributors: Masani, K (Editor)
Additional Information: ** From PLOS via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1932-6203 **Article IDs: publisher-id: pone-d-19-30115 **History: published_online 24-04-2020; accepted 06-04-2020; collection 2020; submitted 29-10-2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Physical sciences, Biology and life sciences, Medicine and health sciences
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Related URLs:
Funders: Swiss National Science Fondation
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2020 12:57
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2020 13:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/56911

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