Can high-functioning amputees with state-of-the-art prosthetics walk normally? A kinematic and dynamic study of 40 individuals

Jarvis, HL, Reeves, ND, Twiste, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2724-3283, Phillip, RD, Etherington, J and Bennett, AN 2020, 'Can high-functioning amputees with state-of-the-art prosthetics walk normally? A kinematic and dynamic study of 40 individuals' , Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine .

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Abstract

Background Previous work has highlighted the highly functional post-rehabilitation level of military individuals who sustained traumatic amputation. Understanding how these individuals walk with their prosthesis could be key to setting a precedent for what is realistically possible in the rehabilitation of individuals with amputations. Objective The aim of this paper is to answer how “normal” should the gait of an individual with an amputation(s) be and can we aspire to mimic able-bodied gait with the most advanced prosthetics in highly functioning individuals? Methods This was a cross-sectional study comparing the gait of severely injured and highly functional UK trans-tibial (n = 10), trans-femoral (n = 10) and bilateral trans-femoral (n = 10) military amputees after completion of their rehabilitation programme to that of able-bodied controls (n = 10). Joint kinematics and kinetics of the pelvis, hip, knee and ankle were measured with 3-D gait analysis during 5 min of walking on level ground at a self-selected speed. Peak angle, moment or range of motion of intact and prosthetic limbs were compared to control values. Results Joint kinematics of unilateral trans-tibial amputees was similar to that of controls. Individuals with a trans-femoral amputation walked with a more anterior tilted pelvis (P = 0.006), with reduced range of pelvic obliquity (P = 0.0023) and ankle plantarflexion (P < 0.001) than controls. Across all amputee groups, hip joint moments and power were greater and knee and ankle joint moments were less than for controls. Conclusions This is the first study to provide a comprehensive description of gait patterns of unilateral trans-tibial, trans-femoral and bilateral trans-femoral amputees as compared with healthy able-bodied individuals. The groups differed in joint kinematics and kinetics, but these can be expected in part because of limitations in prosthesis and socket designs. The results from this study could be considered benchmark data for healthcare professionals to compare gait patterns of other individuals with amputation who experienced similar injuries and rehabilitation services.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1877-0657
Related URLs:
Funders: Defence Medical Services
Depositing User: M Twiste
Date Deposited: 29 May 2020 10:26
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 08:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/57121

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