A review of the law surrounding Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders

Home, J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5564-575X, Rowland, AG ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9564-0032, Gerry QC, FR ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0431-9492, Proudman, C and Walton, K 2020, 'A review of the law surrounding Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders' , British Journal of Midwifery, 28 (7) , pp. 418-429.

PDF - Accepted Version
Download (414kB) | Preview
Access Information: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in British Journal of Midwifery, copyright © MA Healthcare, after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.12968/bjom.2020.28.7.418.


Performing Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is prohibited within the United Kingdom by the FGM Act 2003. A mandatory reporting duty for FGM requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wales to report known cases of FGM in under 18-year-olds to the police. An Application to the Court for an FGM Protection Order (FGMPO) can be made to keep individual women and girls safe from FGM. This paper reveals the significant disconnect between the number of FGMPO applications and known recorded cases of FGM. The introduction of FGMPOs requires critical exploration as there is insufficient evidence to show that FGMPOs are effective in protecting women and girls from FGM. It is therefore unclear what impact, if any, FGMPOs are having upon the protection of women and girls at risk of FGM. The barriers to the implementation of FGMPOs and possible solutions are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Applied Research in Health, Welfare and Policy
Journal or Publication Title: British Journal of Midwifery
Publisher: Mark Allen Publishing
ISSN: 0969-4900
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Professor Andrew G Rowland
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2020 07:13
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 04:44
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/57150

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)