Realization and experimental assessment of baseball-bat microwave antenna for low power cancer ablation

Hassan, EGMI ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9720-4488, Takruri-Rizk, H and Zaki, AI 2020, 'Realization and experimental assessment of baseball-bat microwave antenna for low power cancer ablation' , IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology, 4 (2) , pp. 133-139.

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Abstract

Experimental assessment of using low power microwave ablation for treating focal tumors is presented in this article. Confinement of heating generated by microwave radiation is one of the major concerns in cancer treatment to maintain the acceptable functionality of the organ and alleviate radiation exposure towards surrounding tissues. The development of a baseball-bat shaped (BSB) antenna has been studied using electromagnetic and thermal simulations and evaluated experimentally. Numerical simulations that showed less than −10-dB reflection stability are attained for more than 20 GHz. Electromagnetic simulation showed that highly directed end-fire radiation achieves confined power deposition within a targeted model and yields higher SAR attained. Nearly spherical ablated lesions are achieved with no healthy tissues being destroyed in the backward direction. The proposed antenna was fabricated and tested in ex-vivo bovine liver sample and egg-white solution. Good agreement between simulated and measured results is attained where confined ablated lesions attained at only 1 W were comparable to that obtained at much higher power ranges (20–60 W). The efficacy of the BSB antenna to efficiently radiate in different dielectric mediums is noticeably attained. The proposed antenna model may help to improve the precision of microwave ablation associated with commonly broadside radiators previously used in the literature and provide homogenous SAR and confined heating to overcome the limitations found in treating spherical tumors with heterogeneous properties using much high power with narrow-band features.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology
Publisher: IEEE
ISSN: 2469-7249
Related URLs:
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2020 14:12
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2020 14:12
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/57542

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