Independence : proposing an initial framework for occupational therapy

Collins, B 2017, 'Independence : proposing an initial framework for occupational therapy' , Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 24 (6) , pp. 398-409.

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Background: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice.
Aim: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner.
Methods: A review of literature, clinical experience, doctoral research and conversations with occupational therapists and disabled people, in particular those involved in a disability activism group and people with physical disabilities, has led to the development of the OTIF.
Results: Independence and interdependence, as characterized in the OTIF, occur when an individual exerts choice over occupational performance and can engage in occupations in a manner acceptable to the individual. Interdependence results when occupations are performed with another person whereas independence involves solitary occupational performance. Dependence typically results from inability to choose occupations or a mismatch between performance capacity and environmental factors.
Significance: The OTIF has the potential to clarify the conceptualization of independence within occupational therapy theory and practice. This initial proposal is presented to stimulate debate and discussion.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy on 12th January 2017, available online:
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1103-8128
Related URLs:
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2020 14:34
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 05:04

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