Impact of gonad shielding for AP pelvis on dose and image quality on different female sizes : a phantom study

Buissink, C, Alrowily, M, Dougoud, C, Linneman, J, Lirot, M, Mzobe, N, Tootell, AK ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8567-8659 and van der Heij-Meijer, A 2020, 'Impact of gonad shielding for AP pelvis on dose and image quality on different female sizes : a phantom study' , Radiography, 26 (Sup 2) , S71-S78.

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Abstract

Introduction In clinical practice AP pelvis standard protocols are suitable for average size patients. However, as the average body size has increased over the past decades, radiographers have had to improve their practice in order to ensure that adequate image quality with minimal radiation dose to the patient is achieved. Gonad shielding has been found to be an effective way to reduce the radiation dose to the ovaries. However, the effect of increased body size, or fat thickness, in combination with gonad shielding is unclear. The goal of the study was to investigate the impact of gonad shielding in a phantom of adult female stature with increasing fat thicknesses on SNR (as a measure for image quality) and dose for AP pelvis examination. Methods An adult Alderson female pelvis phantom was imaged with a variety of fat thickness categories as a representation of increasing BMI. 72 images were acquired using both AEC and manual exposure with and without gonad shielding. The radiation dose to the ovaries was measured using a MOSFET system. The relationship between fat thickness, SNR and dose when the AP pelvis was performed with and without shielding was investigated using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. P-values < 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results Ovary dose and SNR remained constant despite the use of gonad shielding while introducing fat layers. Conclusion The ovary dose did not increase with an increase of fat thickness and the image quality was not altered. Implications for practice Based on this phantom study it can be suggested that obese patients can expect the same image quality as average patients while respecting ALARA principle when using adequate protocols.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 10788174 **History: issue date 08-07-2020; accepted 16-06-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Radiography
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1078-8174
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2020 07:17
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2020 13:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/57591

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