The occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) : a new perspective on a core concept?

Collins, B 2017, The occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) : a new perspective on a core concept? , in: RCOT 2017, 19th-20th June 2017, ICC, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

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Aims: The occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) aims to synthesise the range of characterisations of independence found in the literature in a practically useful and occupation-centred way (Collins, 2017). Background: Despite independence being central to occupational therapy, a number of different characterisations exist, from the professional view of doing alone (Reindal, 1999) to the independent living movement’s view of exerting choice (Goble, 2004). As service commissioners increasingly seek independence as an outcome, a clear conceptualisation is required in occupational therapy practice. Method: The OTIF was developed through clinical practice, engagement with occupational therapists and disabled activists, extensive review of the literature and doctoral research. An initial version of the OTIF has been published: this seminar will present OTIF and encourage debate about its use. Conclusion: The OTIF suggests that independence and interdependence occur when an individual exerts choice over occupational performance and can engage in occupations in a manner acceptable to him/herself. Dependence typically results from inability to choose occupations or a mismatch between performance capacity and environmental factors. Underpinning the framework are core principles which include a focus on occupation and the description of independence as subjective and situation-specific. Relevance to occupational therapy education and practice: The range of definitions of independence found in the literature suggests a conflict in underpinning philosophical assumptions. The OTIF aims to synthesise these, raising awareness of the different perspectives to enable therapists, educators and theorists to clarify language and assumptions around this essential concept.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: RCOT Annual Conference Abstract Book 2017
Publisher: Royal College of Occupational Therapists
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Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2020 11:57
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:42

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