Independence : confused, outdated or core of occupational therapy?

Collins, B 2012, Independence : confused, outdated or core of occupational therapy? , in: College of Occupational Therapists 36th Annual Conference and Exhibition, 12th-14th June 2012, SECC, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.

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Introduction: Independence has been described as a core outcome of occupational therapy, but what does “independence” mean? Perceptions of independence are linked to disability models (Goble 2004). Professionals’ definitions tend to relate to doing alone (Reindal 1999), whereas disabled people, particularly those aligned to the independent living movement, describe independence as having control over one’s life (Gillinson et al 2005). Within occupational therapy (OT) theory, independence has been described in a variety of ways, including that it comprises of autonomy (making choices) and competence to perform tasks (Rogers 1982): a description that straddles independent living and professional perspectives. Clarity about the meaning of independence within occupational therapy may improve communication with colleagues and disabled people, but how should independence be defined? Given changes in service provision, is a focus on independence now outdated? Methods: This round table aims to discuss the relevance and meaning of independence in contemporary occupational therapy. It will promote debate about: • whether a shared understanding of independence would be helpful to our profession; • how occupational therapists interpret independence in practice, theory and research; and • the relative importance of independence in future practice. Outcomes: The different interpretations of independence and perceptions of its relevance will be documented. An awareness of the differences in definitions of independence could improve communication with service users. As a profession, this debate could be used to clarify our interpretation of independence and articulate its place in theory, research and practice.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: College of Occupational Therapists 36th Annual Conference and Exhibition - Book of Abstacts
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2020 08:40
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:42

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