Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare

Miller, LJ, Ivy, JA, Vicino, GA and Schork, I 2019, 'Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare' , Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 22 (2) , pp. 188-196.

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Abstract

To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being applied in the field of animal welfare. In the current study, data were obtained from direct behavioral observation and institutional records representing 80 individual animals from 34 different species of the order Carnivora. Data were examined to determine if a variety of natural history and animal management factors impacted the welfare of animals in zoological institutions. Output variables indicating welfare status included behavioral diversity, pacing, offspring production, and infant mortality. Results suggested that generalist species have higher behavioral diversity and offspring production in zoos compared with their specialist counterparts. In addition, increased minimum distance from the public decreased pacing and increased offspring production, while increased maximum distance from the public and large enclosure size decreased infant mortality. These results have implications for future exhibit design or renovation, as well as management practices and priorities for future research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 1088-8705; eissn 1532-7604 **History: published 03-04-2019; issued 06-04-2018; published_online 06-04-2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animal Science and Zoology, General Veterinary
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1088-8705
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 10:13
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 10:13
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/57999

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