Improving mealtimes for PICU children and families : a quality improvement initiative

De Monte, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2547-8209, Marti Petit, E, Baudin, F, Zamor, J, Ford-Chessel, C, Tume, LN ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2547-8209, Bordet, F and Valla, FV 2020, 'Improving mealtimes for PICU children and families : a quality improvement initiative' , Nursing in Critical Care . (In Press)

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Abstract

Introduction: Many critically ill children can be fed orally at some point during their paediatric intensive care (PICU) stay, but reduced appetite and other factors may impact on their intake. At home, oral feeding is usually delivered by parents; so involving parents more actively during the mealtimes in PICU may contribute to improved patient/family satisfaction. We aimed to assess the impact of a new “room service” initiative involving parents on mealtime quality and on both family and healthcare professional (HCP) satisfaction. Methods: A prospective, single centre, before and after intervention study was designed, as part of a PICU quality of care improvement program in 2013-2016. Two questionnaires assessing oral nutrition practices and family/HCP overall satisfaction were disseminated among the parents of critically ill children capable of oral feeding during their PICU admission and among the whole PICU healthcare professional team (nurses, nurse assistants, and medical doctors). Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square test and Likert scales were compared between groups with the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test. Results: the pre-intervention surveys were completed by 97/130 (75%) HCPs and 52 families, and the post-intervention surveys by 74/130 (57%) HCPs and 54 families. After the intervention, a marked improvement was shown for the overall quality of meal service rating by both HCPs and families (medians and IQR: 5 (5-7) to 7 (7-8) and 6 (6-8) to 8 (7-9) respectively; p<0.01) and also: for the parents’ involvement; in children’s, families’ and healthcare professional satisfaction; in meal dedicated facilities and equipment; and in perception that oral nutrition is an important aspect of PICU care. Conclusions: Implementation of an improved “room service” initiative in the PICU was feasible and improved the perceived quality of care and satisfaction around oral feeding. This family centred care initiative can be integrated in an overall quality improvement strategy.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Nursing in Critical Care
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1362-1017
Funders: ACTICLAN 2013
Depositing User: Dr Lyvonne Tume
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2020 07:16
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2020 08:01
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/58496

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