An intelligent system for the classification and selection of novel and efficient lossless image compression algorithms

Alqerom, M 2020, An intelligent system for the classification and selection of novel and efficient lossless image compression algorithms , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

We are currently living in an era revolutionised by the development of smart phones and digital cameras. Most people are using phones and cameras in every aspect of their lives. With this development comes a high level of competition between the technology companies developing these devices, each one trying to enhance its products to meet the new market demands. One of the most sought-after criteria of any smart phone or digital camera is the camera’s resolution. Digital imaging and its applications are growing rapidly; as a result of this growth, the image size is increasing, and alongside this increase comes the important challenge of saving these large-sized images and transferring them over networks. With the increase in image size, the interest in image compression is increasing as well, to improve the storage size and transfer time. In this study, the researcher proposes two new lossless image compression algorithms. Both proposed algorithms focus on decreasing the image size by reducing the image bit-depth through using well defined methods of reducing the coloration between the image intensities. The first proposed lossless image compression algorithm is called Column Subtraction Compression (CSC), which aims to decrease the image size without losing any of the image information by using a colour transformation method as a pre-processing phase, followed by the proposed Column Subtraction Compression function to decrease the image size. The proposed algorithm is specially designed for compressing natural images. The CSC algorithm was evaluated for colour images and compared against benchmark schemes obtained from (Khan et al., 2017). It achieved the best compression size over the existing methods by enhancing the average storage saving of the BBWCA, JPEG 2000 LS, KMTF– BWCA, HEVC and basic BWCA algorithms by 2.5%, 15.6%, 41.6%, 7.8% and 45.07% respectively. The CSC algorithm simple implementation positively affects the execution time and makes it one of the fastest algorithms, since it needed less than 0.5 second for compressing and decompressing natural images obtained from (Khan et al., 2017). The proposed algorithm needs only 19.36 seconds for compressing and decompressing all of the 10 images from the Kodak image set, while the BWCA, KMTF – BWCA and BBWCA need 398.5s, 429.24s and 475.38s respectively. Nevertheless, the CSC algorithm achieved less compression ratio, when compressing low resolution images since it was designed for compressing high resolution images. To solve this issue, the researcher proposed the Low-Resolution Column Subtraction Compression algorithm (LRCSC) to enhance the CSC low compression ratio related to compressing low-resolution images. The LRCSC algorithm starts by using the CSC algorithm as a pre-processing phase, followed by the Huffman algorithm and Run-Length Coding (RLE) to decrease the image size as a final compression phase. The LRCSC enhanced the average storage saving of the CSC algorithm for raster map images by achieving 13.68% better compression size. The LRCSC algorithm decreases the raster map image set size by saving 96% from the original image set size but did not reach the best results when compared with the PNG, GIF, BLiSE and BBWCA where the storage saving is 97.42%, 98.33%, 98.92% and 98.93% respectively. The LRCSC algorithm enhanced the compression execution time with acceptable compression ratio. Both of the proposed algorithms are effective with any image types such as colour or greyscale images. The proposed algorithms save a lot of memory storage and dramatically decreased the execution time. Finally, to take full benefits of the two newly developed algorithms, anew system is developed based on running both of the algorithm for the same input image and then suggest the appropriate algorithm to be used for the de-compression phase.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Meziane, F (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: MAHMOUD Alqerom
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 13:12
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:46
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/58708

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