Improving the carbon capture efficiency for gas power plants through amine-based absorbents

Hasan, SH, Abbas, AJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0709-1713 and Nasr, GG ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7913-5802 2021, 'Improving the carbon capture efficiency for gas power plants through amine-based absorbents' , Sustainability, 13 (1) , p. 72.

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Abstract

Environmental concern for our planet has changed significantly over time due to climate change, caused by an increasing population and the subsequent demand for electricity, and thus increased power generation. Considering that natural gas is regarded as a promising fuel for such a purpose, the need to integrate carbon capture technologies in such plants is becoming a necessity, if gas power plants are to be aligned with the reduction of CO2 in the atmosphere, through understanding the capturing efficacy of different absorbents under different operating conditions. Therefore, this study provided for the first time the comparison of available absorbents in relation to amine solvents (MEA, DEA, and DEA) CO2 removal efficiency, cost, and recirculation rate to achieve Climate change action through caron capture without causing absorbent disintegration. The study analyzed Flue under different amine-based solvent solutions (monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and methyldiethanolamine (MDEA)), in order to compare their potential for CO2 reduction under different operating conditions and costs. This was simulated using ProMax 5.0 software modeled as a simple absorber tower to absorb CO2 from flue gas. Furthermore, MEA, DEA, and MDEA adsorbents were used with a temperature of 38 °C and their concentration varied from 10 to 15%. Circulation rates of 200–300 m3/h were used for each concentration and solvent. The findings deduced that MEA is a promising solvent compared to DEA and MDEA in terms of the highest CO2 captured; however, it is limited at the top outlet for clean flue gas, which contained 3.6295% of CO2 and less than half a percent of DEA and MDEA, but this can be addressed either by increasing the concentration to 15% or increasing the MEA circulation rate to 300 m3/h.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Sustainability
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2071-1050
Related URLs:
Funders: CNOOC Iraq Limited
Depositing User: AJ Abbas
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 11:14
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 11:18
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59207

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