Spectral numerical study of entropy generation in magneto-convective viscoelastic biofluid flow through poro-elastic media with thermal radiation and buoyancy effects

Mallikarjuna, B, Krishna, GG, Srinivas, J, Beg, OA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5925-6711 and Kadir, A 2022, 'Spectral numerical study of entropy generation in magneto-convective viscoelastic biofluid flow through poro-elastic media with thermal radiation and buoyancy effects' , Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, 14 (1) , 011008.

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Abstract

Electromagnetic high-temperature therapy is popular in medical engineering treatments for various diseases include tissue damage ablation repair, hyperthermia and oncological illness diagnosis. The simulation of transport phenomena in such applications requires multi-physical models featuring magnetohydrodynamics, biorheology, heat transfer and deformable porous media. Motivated by investigating the fluid dynamics and thermodynamic optimization of such processes, in the present article a mathematical model is developed to study the combined influence of thermal buoyancy, magnetic field and thermal radiation on the entropy generation, momentum and heat transfer characteristics in electrically-conducting viscoelastic biofluid flow through a vertical deformable porous medium. Jefferys elastic-viscous model is deployed to simulate non-Newtonian characteristics of the biofluid. “It is assumed that heat is generated within the fluid by both viscous and Darcy (porous matrix) dissipations. The governing equations for fluid velocity, solid displacement and temperature are formulated in a Cartesian coordinate system. The boundary value problem is normalized with appropriate transformations. The non-dimensional biofluid velocity, solid displacement and temperature equations with appropriate boundary conditions are solved computationally using a spectral method. Verification of accuracy is conducted via monitoring residuals of the solutions. Validation of solutions with Runge-Kutta shooting quadrature is included. The effects of Jeffrey viscoelastic parameter, viscous drag parameter, magnetic field parameter, radiation parameter and buoyancy parameter on flow velocity, solid displacement, temperature and entropy generation are depicted graphically and interpreted at length. Increasing magnetic field and drag parameters are found to reduce the field velocity, solid displacement, temperature and entropy production. Higher magnitudes of thermal radiation parameter retard the flow and decrease Nusselt number whereas they elevate solid displacement. Entropy production is enhanced with an increase in buoyancy parameter and volume fraction of the fluid. The novelty of the work is the simulatenous inclusion of multiple thermophysical phenomena and the consideration of thermodynamic optimization in coupled thermal/fluid/elastic media. The computations provide an insight into multi-physical transport in electromagnetic radiative tissue ablation therapy and a good benchmark for more advanced simulations.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISSN: 1948-5085
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Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 13:36
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 11:06
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59546

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