Restoring perivascular adipose tissue function in obesity using exercise

Saxton, SN, Toms, LK, Aldous, RG, Withers, SB ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7021-881X, Ohanian, J and Heagerty, AM 2021, 'Restoring perivascular adipose tissue function in obesity using exercise' , Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy .

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Abstract

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) exerts an anti-contractile effect which is vital in regulating vascular tone. This effect is mediated via sympathetic nervous stimulation of PVAT by a mechanism which involves noradrenaline uptake through organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) and β -adrenoceptor-mediated adiponectin release. In obesity, autonomic dysfunction occurs, which may result in a loss of PVAT function and subsequent vascular disease. Accordingly, we have investigated abnormalities in obese PVAT, and the potential for exercise in restoring function. Vascular contractility to electrical field stimulation (EFS) was assessed ex vivo in the presence of pharmacological tools in ±PVAT vessels from obese and exercised obese mice. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect changes in expression of β -adrenoceptors, OCT3 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) in PVAT. High fat feeding induced hypertension, hyperglycaemia, and hyperinsulinaemia, which was reversed using exercise, independent of weight loss. Obesity induced a loss of the PVAT anti-contractile effect, which could not be restored via β -adrenoceptor activation. Moreover, adiponectin no longer exerts vasodilation. Additionally, exercise reversed PVAT dysfunction in obesity by reducing inflammation of PVAT and increasing β -adrenoceptor and OCT3 expression, which were downregulated in obesity. Furthermore, the vasodilator effects of adiponectin were restored. Loss of neutrally mediated PVAT anti-contractile function in obesity will contribute to the development of hypertension and type II diabetes. Exercise training will restore function and treat the vascular complications of obesity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1573-7241 **Article IDs: pubmed: 33687595; pii: 10.1007/s10557-020-07136-0 **History: accepted 21-12-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Biomedical Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0920-3206
Related URLs:
Funders: British Heart Foundation
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 13:04
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 10:56
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59909

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