Effects of intermittent claudication due to arterial disease on pain-free gait

Evangelopoulou, E, Jones, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5242-185X, Jameel, M, Boyd, P and Nester, CJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1688-320X 2021, 'Effects of intermittent claudication due to arterial disease on pain-free gait' , Clinical Biomechanics, 83 , p. 105309.

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Abstract

Studies of intermittent claudication gait report inconsistent outcomes. Changes in gait are often attributed to degradation of calf muscles, but causation has not been proven through real-time electromyographic data. Neither have effects of walking speed been fully considered. This study aimed to investigate the effect of intermittent claudication on kinematics, kinetics and muscle activity during pain-free gait. 18 able bodied individuals and 18 with intermittent claudication walked at their preferred speed while lower limb kinematic, kinetic and electromyography data were collected. People with intermittent claudication walk slower and with reduced step length. Internal ankle plantarflexion moment (P = 0.004, effect size = 0.96) and ankle power generation (P < 0.001, effect size = 1.36) in late stance were significantly reduced for individuals with intermittent claudication. Significant moment and power reductions at the knee and power reduction at hip occurred in early stance, with similar reductions in early and late stance for ground reaction forces. Peak electromyography of soleus activity was significantly reduced in late stance (P = 0.01, effect size = 1.1, n = 13). Effects were independent of walking speed. Reductions in ankle plantarflexion moments and power generation were consistent with reduced soleus electromyography activity and reduced peak vertical ground reaction forces during late stance. These effects are not due to a reduced walking speed. Changes in knee and hip function are also unrelated to walking speed. These outcomes provide a platform for the design and evaluation of interventions that seek to restore normal walking and improve pain-free walking distances for people with intermittent claudication. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1879-1271 **Article IDs: pubmed: 33721726; pii: S0268-0033(21)00039-5 **History: accepted 26-02-2021; revised 20-01-2021; submitted 15-06-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical Biomechanics
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0268-0033
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2021 13:27
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2021 13:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/59946

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