Deficit irrigation and organic amendments can reduce dietary arsenic risk from rice : introducing machine learning-based prediction models from field data

Sengupta, S, Bhattacharyya, K, Mandal, J, Bhattacharya, P, Halder, S and Pari, A 2021, 'Deficit irrigation and organic amendments can reduce dietary arsenic risk from rice : introducing machine learning-based prediction models from field data' , Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 319 , p. 107516.

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Abstract

Dietary rice consumption can assume a significant pathway of the carcinogenic arsenic (As) in the human system. In search of a viable mitigation strategy, a field experiment was conducted with rice (cv. IET-4786) at geogenically arsenic-contaminated areas (West Bengal, India) for two consecutive years. The research aimed to explore irrigation management (saturation and alternate wetting and drying), and organic amendments (vermicompost, farmyard manure, and mustard cake) efficiencies in reducing As load in the whole soil-plant system. A thrice replicated strip plot design was employed and As content in the soil, plant parts, and the associated soil physicochemical properties were determined through a standard protocol. Results revealed that the most negligible As accumulation in the edible grains was accomplished by vermicompost amendment along with alternate wetting and drying (0.318 mg kg−1) over farmer’s practice of continuous submergence with no manure situation (0.895 mg kg−1). Interestingly, an increase in the grain yield by 25% was also observed. The risk of dietary exposure to As through rice was assessed by target cancer risk (TCR) and severity adjusted margin of exposure (SAMOE) mediated risk thermometer. The adopted strategy made all the risk factors somewhat benign to ensure a better standard of health. The Machine Learning algorithm revealed that Random Forest performed better in predicting grain As concentration than k-Nearest Neighbour and Generalized Regression Model. Hence, if properly calibrated and validated, the former can represent an effective tool for predicting grain As concentration in rice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article starting on 28-05-2023: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ **Journal IDs: issn 01678809 **History: issue date 01-10-2021; published_online 28-05-2021; accepted 21-05-2021
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0167-8809
Related URLs:
Funders: Indian Institute of Water Management (ICAR)
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 12:10
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 10:41
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/60818

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