Determination of suitable extractant for estimating plant available arsenic in relation to soil properties and predictability by solubility-FIAM

Raj, A, Mandal, J, Golui, D, Sihi, D, Dari, B, Kumari, PB, Ghosh, M and Ganguly, P 2021, 'Determination of suitable extractant for estimating plant available arsenic in relation to soil properties and predictability by solubility-FIAM' , Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 232 (6) , p. 247.

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Abstract

Extractant for estimating plant available arsenic (As) in soil has not been universally established. Moreover, to assess and monitor the complex chemical behaviour of arsenic (As) in soil and subsequently its transfer in crops, a suitable extraction protocol considering the soil properties in relation to crop uptake is required. For this purpose, a pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the suitability of the extractants for determination of extractable As in soil and risk assessment by solubility-free ion activity model (FIAM) with rice (variety: Sushk Samrat) as the test crop. Soil in bulk was collected from six locations of Indo-Gangetic Plain of Bihar, India, varying in physicochemical properties to conduct the pot experiment using five doses of As (0, 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg kg−1). Six extractants namely 0.2 (M) NH4-Oxalate, 0.05 (N) HCl + 0.025 (N) H2SO4, 0.5 (M) KH2PO4, 0.5 (N) NH4F, 0.5 (M) NaHCO3 and 0.5 (M) EDTA were used. The results revealed that 0.5 (M) KH2PO4 gave the best correlation with the soil properties and crop uptake and can be considered as a suitable extractant of As. Regardless of the As dose and the soil type used, in rice tissue, concentration of As followed the order root > straw > leaf and grain. As high as 94% variation in As content in rice grain could be explained, when 0.5 (M) KH2PO4 extractable As is being used as input for solubility-FIAM. Extractable As cannot be determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) coupled with Vapour Generation Accessory (VGA) when 0.5 (M) EDTA was used as an extractant.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0049-6979
Related URLs:
Funders: Science Engineering Research Board (SERB), India, Department of Science and Technology (DST), India
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 12:23
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 10:40
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/60862

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