A systematic review of the effectiveness of yoga on pain, physical function, and quality of life in older adults with chronic musculoskeletal conditions

Denham‐Jones, L ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7806-7609, Gaskell, LE ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-0502, Spence, NJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5002-7293 and Pigott, TMC 2021, 'A systematic review of the effectiveness of yoga on pain, physical function, and quality of life in older adults with chronic musculoskeletal conditions' , Musculoskeletal Care .

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Abstract

Objectives Exercise interventions suitable for older adults can help to slow and manage age-related conditions. This systematic review looks at age-related musculoskeletal conditions in a population with a mean age over 50 years, evaluating the effectiveness of yoga for pain, physical function, and quality of life.
Methods CENTRAL,CINAHL, Pubmed, PsycInfo, SCOPUS, Sports Discus, Web of Science Core Collection, and Google Scholar were searched. Study selection and quality screening using the Cochrane risk of bias tool were conducted by two reviewers to mitigate bias. PRISMA guidelines were followed in conducting and reporting the review.
Results 11 studies met inclusion criteria with a total sample of 2221 (≥70% female). Eight studies measured pain, six showing significant effectiveness (p=≤0.05), for lower limb osteoarthritis (OA), hand OA, and neck pain. Nine studies measured physical function, four showing significant effects, for lower limb OA and sarcopenia. Significant quality of life effects were found for restless leg syndrome compared to baseline.
Conclusion Moderate evidence was found for pain effects, generalisable for OA based on sub-group analysis. Effective trials were mostly short-term using at minimum one 60-min group class, and an average of four 30-min home practice sessions weekly. Findings support the use of props and modifications to address age-related physical limitations. Yoga was well-received with good adherence, but effects on a par with other exercise. There was an absence of quality of life effects in short term. Mixed methods studies could lead to further insight into the qualitative aspects of yoga practice for older adults.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Crossref journal articles via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 1478-2189; eissn 1557-0681 **History: issued 14-06-2021; published_online 14-06-2021 **License for this article: starting on 14-06-2021, , http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: Musculoskeletal Care
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1478-2189
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 07:39
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 07:39
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61014

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