The design of a water quality management system for Nigerian rivers

Onuoha, AE 1993, The design of a water quality management system for Nigerian rivers , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

There is an intricate relationship between water quantity and quality, development, human health and welfare, and aquatic life. Water availability is, however, variable in location and time. The increase in human populations and various anthropogenic activities have exerted significant impacts on the quantity and quality of frashwater resources. Nigeria is a rapidly developing country with a population of 88.5 million. About 70% of the rural population have no access to potable water. There are no data on access to sanitation facilities. The pace of industrial development in Nigeria has been without adequate environmental considerations. The need was, consequently, identified to assess water resources in Nigeria, determine the causes and sources of water pollution, and design a water quality management system for Nigerian rivers. Before such a system could be designed, it was necessary to study in depth the administrative, operational and legislative framework of an existing functional organisation. The National Rivers Authority, in the north west region of England, was chosen as such a model. The research started with a detailed survey of literature on water pollution, its nature, sources, types, modes of propagation, effects, means of detection, enumeration and control. A thorough assessment of the functions and institutional framework of the National Rivers Authority which enable it to manage river water quality in the north west of England was carried out. A comparative assessment was made, of water resources and the current status and practice of water quality management in Nigeria. The research culminated in the design of a water quality management system for Nigerian rivers. The design took into consideration the political and cultural orientations, and the level of industrialisation of the country. Recommendations were made, which if adopted, will ensure the sustainable use of rivers in Nigeria.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Pugh Thomas, M (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Depositing User: Institutional Repository
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 14:48
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 21:54
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61075

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