The Irish in Middlesbrough : a part of Middlesbrough's community or apart from it?

Willis, JT 2011, The Irish in Middlesbrough : a part of Middlesbrough's community or apart from it? , PhD thesis, University of Salford.

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Victorian Middlesbrough was a 'new town' and, as a consequence, all its inhabitants were immigrants. Thus, how the Irish came to Middlesbrough is of interest. However, the main aims of this research are to examine the spatial, demographic, social and economic profile of the Middlesbrough Irish using the four census enumerations from 1871 to 1901 and, with other information, assess whether an Irish community existed. To clothe these statistics, contemporary evidence has been sought. In the social and economic context, living conditions in the 1880s; pertinent social institutions; and Irish occupations have been examined. Also, the over-representation of the Irish-born in crime statistics are presented with an assessment of putative causes. The Catholic Church and its spiritual and material influence in Middlesbrough has been studied from storms in the 1870s to calm in the 1900s. Inextricably linked with the Church was Catholic education which included not only public, private, lay and religious Catholic schools but also orphan girls supervised by nuns and Catholic orphans despatched overseas by the Board of Guardians. Lastly, Irish involvement in Middlesbrough politics is assessed. At the local level this involved the elected bodies of the Corporation, School Board and Poor Law Guardians. Nationally, it involves the contribution of the Middlesbrough Irish to the Condition of Ireland debate and action arising therefrom. Because of its partisan nature, prejudice has been linked with politics. In this study, the findings of relevant research and as much archival evidence as is available has been used; and an intense perusal of local newspapers has proved most fruitful. The conclusion that the Irish formed a community in Middlesbrough is based on the evidence presented.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors: Neal, F (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Humanities, Languages & Social Sciences
Depositing User: Institutional Repository
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2021 10:51
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 11:23

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