Examining the influence of health on employment and work ability of Saudi haemodialysis patients : a mixed-methods study

Alquwez, N ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8954-9061 and Ormandy, P ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6951-972X 2021, 'Examining the influence of health on employment and work ability of Saudi haemodialysis patients : a mixed-methods study' , International Journal Of Nursing Practice , e12993.

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Access Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Alquwez, N., & Ormandy, P. (2021). Examining the influence of health on employment and work ability of Saudi haemodialysis patients: A mixed-methods study. International Journal of Nursing Practice, e12993., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12993. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.


To explore the employment, work productivity, activity impairment, and sustainability of work of Saudi patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis (HD). Failure to address CKD-related challenges may cause HD patients to lose their job, create a lack of compassion from co-workers and receive discrimination hindering progress in their profession. This is a cross-sectional explanatory sequential mixed-methods study. A convenience sample of 130 CKD patients was surveyed in the quantitative phase using the 'Short-Form Health Survey' and 'Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire.' For the qualitative phase, face-to-face, semi-structured interviews took place with 16 CKD patients. Data were collected in 2017. The respondents reported poor physical and mental health. Both employed and unemployed respondents reported moderate levels of work productivity. Better physical health was related to an increased likelihood of being employed. Physical health was negatively correlated with presenteeism, whereas mental health was negatively associated with activity impairment. Five key themes emerged from the qualitative data: work retention, sustaining employment, suitability of work, losing the work and unemployment. Physical condition, personal distinctiveness, cultural and traditional aspects, and employment policies and approaches affect the employment status of CKD patients on HD. [Abstract copyright: © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1440-172X **Article IDs: pubmed: 34296481 **History: accepted 05-07-2021; revised 22-06-2021; submitted 01-12-2020
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal Of Nursing Practice
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1322-7114
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 07:45
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 17:23
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61450

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