Exploring effective approaches of integrating cervical screening services into the normal routine care within HIV clinics : a qualitative study in a Ugandan community health facility

Auma, J 2021, Exploring effective approaches of integrating cervical screening services into the normal routine care within HIV clinics : a qualitative study in a Ugandan community health facility , MSc by research thesis, University of Salford.

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Abstract

Cervical cancer is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer death in sub-Saharan Africa, with HIV being a high-risk factor for its’ development. Where HIV prevalence is high, interventions can ideally be delivered through a ‘one-stop shop’ approach addressing both conditions simultaneously. Whilst evidence supports the feasibility and significance of service integration, there is a paucity of literature on practical and sustainable approaches to implementation in resource-constrained settings. Evaluation of the Knowledge for Change cervical cancer project in the facility under study found only 31.3% of eligible women utilizing HIV services had been screened in August 2019. Furthermore, just 18.6% of those screened returned for an annual appointment - on average 9 months later than scheduled. My study thus sought to generate new data to explore how best to integrate cervical screening services into the normal routine of this HIV care clinic. It took a qualitative approach comprising of in-depth interviews with ten health care providers. The data was coded in NVivo 12 and analyzed thematically. Four themes emerged from the interviews: views on the current cervical screening service provision, the perceived benefits and challenges of integrated HIV and screening services, health education and ‘expert clients’ and screening follow-up mechanisms. Overall, this study has confirmed the feasibility and significance of integrating cervical screening into HIV care and has synthesized practical and sustainable approaches to implementation in resource-constrained settings. Keywords Cervical cancer, HIV, Integration, Screening, Service delivery, Resource-constrained setting, Uganda

Item Type: Thesis (MSc by research)
Contributors: Scullion, LC (Supervisor), Cunningham, EA (Supervisor) and Edwards, G (Supervisor)
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society
Funders: Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (RSTMH), Knowledge for Change (K4C)
Depositing User: JUDITH Auma
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 13:38
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2021 13:38
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61519

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