Numerical simulation of thermal management during natural convection in a porous triangular cavity containing air and hot obstacles

Chandanam, V, Venkata Lakshmi, C, Venkatadri, K, Beg, OA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5925-6711 and Prasad, VR 2021, 'Numerical simulation of thermal management during natural convection in a porous triangular cavity containing air and hot obstacles' , European Physical Journal Plus, 136 (8) , p. 885.

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Abstract

A numerical study is presented of laminar viscous magnetohydrodynamic natural convection flow in a triangular shaped porous enclosure filled with electrically conducting air and containing two hot obstacles. The mathematical model is formulated in terms of dimensional partial differential equations. The pressure gradient term is eliminated by using the vorticitystream (  − ) function approach. The emerging dimensionless governing equations are employed by the regular finite difference scheme along with thermofluidic boundary conditions. The efficiency of the obtained computed results for isotherms and streamlines are validated via comparison with previously published work. The impact of physical parameters on streamlines and temperature contours for an extensive range of Rayleigh number (Ra=103 - 105 ), Hartmann magnetohydrodynamic number (Ha=5-30), Darcy parameter (Da=0.0001-0.1) for fixed Prandtl number (Pr = 0.71) are considered. Numerical results are also presented for local and average Nusselt numbers along the hot base wall. Interesting features of the thermofluid behaviour are revealed. At lower Rayleigh number the isotherms are generally parallel to the inclined wall and only distorted substantially near the obstacles at the left vertical adiabatic wall; however, with increasing Rayleigh number, this distortion is magnified in the core zone and simultaneously warmer zones expand towards the inclined cold wall. The simulations are relevant to magnetic materials processing and hybrid magnetic fuel cells.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: European Physical Journal Plus
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2190-5444
Related URLs:
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2021 10:51
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 12:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61657

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