Deformed wing virus variant shift from 2010 to 2016 in managed and feral UK honey bee colonies

Kevill, JL ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7367-4338, Stainton, KC, Schroeder, DC and Martin, SJ ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9418-053X 2021, 'Deformed wing virus variant shift from 2010 to 2016 in managed and feral UK honey bee colonies' , Archives of Virology, 166 (10) , pp. 2693-2702.

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Abstract

Deformed wing virus (DWV) has been linked to the global decline of honey bees. DWV exists as three master variants (DWV-A, DWV-B, and DWV-C), each with differing outcomes for the honey bee host. Research in the USA showed a shift from DWV-A to DWV-B between 2010 to 2016 in honey bee colonies. Likewise, in the UK, a small study in 2007 found only DWV-A, whereas in 2016, DWV-B was the most prevalent variant. This suggests a shift from DWV-A to DWV-B might have occurred in the UK between 2007 and 2016. To investigate this further, data from samples collected in 2009/10 (n = 46) were compared to existing data from 2016 (n = 42). These samples also allowed a comparison of DWV variants between Varroa-untreated (feral) and Varroa-treated (managed) colonies. The results revealed that, in the UK, DWV-A was far more prevalent in 2009/10 (87%) than in 2016 (43%). In contrast, DWV-B was less prevalent in 2009/10 (76%) than in 2016 (93%). Regardless if colonies had been treated for Varroa (managed) or not (feral), the same trend from DWV-A to DWV-B occurred. Overall, the results reveal a decrease in DWV-A and an increase in DWV-B in UK colonies.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Virology
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0304-8608
Related URLs:
Funders: British Beekeepers Association (BBKA), Bee Disease Insurance (BDI) Ltd, CB Dennis Trust, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), UK, Welsh Government
Depositing User: USIR Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2021 13:33
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2021 08:00
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/61710

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